These insects have been developing and adapting to urban life for many years and survivors are those individuals who were more active at night, moved quickly and had sharper senses than the rest of animals. Bedbugs have been so perfect in this adaptation that our homes can be filled with these animals, and we don’t even notice them.
Bedbugs are tiny, reddish-brown parasitic bugs that bite the exposed skin of sleeping animals and humans and feed on their blood. These bugs can’t transmit diseases, but they can cause other public economic and health issues.
How Did These Tiny Parasitic Insects Come To Be, And How Is It Now So Widespread?
In some way, people created the modern bed bug that evolved to follow us and live on us. People became transport objects to spread these bugs worldwide. This parasite creature got its start in caves somewhere in the Mediterranean Sea, thousands years ago in what is now considered to be the Middle East. The bats that lived in those caves, and they still live there even today, were host to these parasites. So when the bugs noticed that they can adapt from bat to human environment, traveling on people they took an entire word.
Parasitic bugs like the bed bugs are adapted to their host very quickly, especially when they live a restricted life with access only to one food source. Their legs and mouthparts, for example, are shaped to deal specifically with the blood and skin of whatever host they feed on.
The newer bug developed less hair to make it easier to climb over ancestor’s smoother bodies. Its legs are longer, transforming from short and strong to long and quick, which made it easier to run from slapping hands and helped to grasp a bat’s furry body. By the early 1900s, the pest was so common in the United States that it could be spotted everywhere from hidden alleys to fancy hotels. There was a Bedbug, California, a mining town and Bed Bug Hill in New Jersey.
Your bedroom can be either clean or messy one, but anybody can wake up by itchy bite and notice dried blood on your sheets. Or maybe you have noticed small flecks that look like ground pepper or mold on the corners of your mattress. You may also notice that these bites are lined up in a row. You now understand that these are all the signs of the night romping of bed bugs.
Having bed bugs does not mean your home is dirty, because they can enter on items you carry in from outside into your house. The most common items are electronics, mattresses, upholstered furniture and luggage. The best way to successfully win the battle against the bed bugs is to avoid bringing them into your house.
Reactions to bites range from itchy red bumps to having no reaction at all. If you disturb them while feeding, they will bite again in the same area. Scratching at the bite spots can cause an infection. Many people get distressed and anxious when exposed to bed bugs. But there is no evidence that bed bugs spread diseases to humans and that is the most important thing.