One of the most interesting and exciting creatures of the animal kingdom is the Leaf Mimicking Peacock Katydid. Its means of preservation and protection mechanisms are indeed remarkable and makes this little insect one of the most amazing animals on Earth.
The peacock katydid is an insect that belongs in the family Tettigoniidae. This special animal is a leaf-mimic katydid. This means that when it is resting, it creates a camouflage that resembles dead leaves. In this way, this animal prevents predators from finding it and chase it down. This exceptional and unique ability is indeed remarkable. In case its camouflage fails and one of its predators identify it, the peacock katydid has another ability which allows it to quickly flash a pair of false eyes. This is done by opening its wings. In such a way, this remarkable animal causes the predator to startle and leave and provides it a perfect tool for its protection and survival in the jungle.
Leaf Mimicking Peacock Katydids were officially found by the organisation called ‘Reference Animals and Plants’ in Guyana, South America back in 2006, but it was reported by Carl Linnaeus approximately during the 18th century. The Peacock katydids mainly live and reproduce themselves in the Northern jungle of South America. One of their major predators in the tropical regions they live are monkeys. They tend to search for these animals when they sort through leaf litter in order to find food and are indeed a great danger for them.
The adult Peacock Katydid has approximately a length of about 45mm to 65mm. So far, none of the peacock katydids were found to be identical in colour pattern or wing shape. Although this may sound strange, this lack of identical patterns actually reduces the risk that predators could ever learn to recognize them through a fixed visual pattern that they can follow to track them down. As in all katydid species, their hearing organs are situated on their front legs. Their antennae are very long and unique for their species, as they are often two to three times longer than their body.
Regarding their diet, it consists of small plants and animal waste and they also prefer eating fresh leaves. These insects are not predators. In order to reproduce themselves, the male insects try to attract females with a high-frequency call, which is made by rubbing one of its wings over a scraper on the other. This sound is capable of being doubled in order to avoid possible interference with the echolocation of nearby bats, which are one of its many predators. When a female is making an appearance, the katydids make an inspection of each other by using their antennae and then start to shake their bodies to measure their size and strength. In the case when the male does not retreat from this, the female approaches and couples with the male. Leaf-Mimicking Peacock Katydids are quite intelligent animals which are capable of actually protect themselves and startle their predators.