Itching and scratching are observed with cats, in fact it is the key reason a lot of people do not keep cats as pets. While fleas can cause this, there are also other reasons that cause itching in cats.
If you’re a cat owner or preparing to have a cat, it is important you are equipped with the knowledge on how to deal with itching in your cats before they occur because they can become very restless when they begin to itch. Let’s examine the causes thoroughly along with detailed instructions on what to do when this condition arises.
Fleas are the main reasons cats itch. They become more rampant during warm seasons, but they can be found round the year in tropical climates. When fleas have infected cats, they exhibit some symptoms. Black insects can be seen in their coat if you check them carefully, they begin to have difficulty in their sight, and their bedding is filled with grit-like substances.
When a cat has fleas, it is important to examine the pet and your home. Getting rid of the flea from the pet alone would result in the same situation again so ridding your pet, and your home from fleas is very important. A veterinarian can offer a recommendation on how best to get rid of the fleas. There’s a wide variety of products that can be applied in the market after you get a good one apply it around the back of its neck. The house can be treated with a flea bomb or mild pesticide. If some vacuuming is done and thorough washing it will also help to eradicate the fleas.đ
2. Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Some cats are very disturbed by odd flea, so it’s important to get rid of the fleas. Flea Allergy Dermatitis is the result of a flea bite. The secretion of fleas contains chemical substances that can invoke an allergic reaction in a cat.
Common observations noticed with cats that are affected by this condition includes constant scratching and licking of its fur particularly around its back and the tail area. Bumps and scabs break out on its skin and the fur over the area that is affected begin to thin.
While Flea Allergy Dermatitis can be very disturbing for your pet, your veterinarian can recommend effected treatment for this condition. Although symptoms of fleas is a good indicator, cats that clean themselves more thoroughly can have very little fleas on them than cats that clean less. If your cat cleans itself thorughly, it may require frequent skin test to examine it for fleas.
How to treat Flea Allergy Dermatitis:
– Get rid of anything you suspect may be responsible for harboring fleas or encouraging their presence.
– Take care of minor infections caused by biting and scratching. Medication or antibiotic may be required for this.
– Anti-histamines can be recommended by your veterinarian to reduce inflammation and itching.
– Try desensitization. This can be achieved by introducing some amounts of flea antigen into the cat’s body with the hope that it would re-condition its immune system, so it becomes less sensitive to flea antigen.
Mites also cause itching and scratching in cats. While there are different species, they are cause this common problem and should be eradicated to eliminate itching and scratching. Of the different species, ear mites are more prominent. Just as the name implies, it affects the ear causing it to itch the pet. While they can live in any area of the body, they find the ear area to be very conducive for them.
When they are present in the cat’s ears, it causes the cats ears to itch and makes them shake their heads continuously. Color secretions are also observed from the ear that is very smelly and bumps also break out in the ears of the cat.
To treat, the ear of the animal has to be sterilized. Some mineral oil will gentle ear massage will help to remedy the situation.
Cat scabies is another common cause of itching and scratching in cats. Though it is highly contagious and can spread from one cat to another, it can be treated. The cat exhibits symptoms once it is infected with scabies, it starts with serious itching, loss of hair and a thick discoloration on its skin. In many cases it affects the ear area more then spreads to the face and other body parts when left unattended.
The scratching may induce skin redness and inflammation which can expose the cat to bacterial infections.
You can determine if your cat is infected with scabies by carefully observing its skin using a microscope.
– Trimming the cat’s hair is advisable. It should be followed by applying lime sulfur on a weekly basis over affected areas.
– Amitraz can be applied; it produces results when used on cats even though it is yet to undergo approval.
– Ivermectin – Like amitraz, it is yet to be approved for use on cats, but lots of people have applied it and experienced results. It is administered by an injection.
– Revolution – Though this product is very effective for treating worms and fleas it has also shown very good results with scabies.
Cheyletiellosis is a contagious infection. Though it affects kittens more, any cats can be infected by it.
Symptoms observed with it include excessive dandruff and itching. Cheyletiellosis can be observed with care examination of the cat. When the skin scrapings are checked, it can be easily observed.
It can be treated by applying lime sulfur or medicated treatments.
Ringworm is a skin infection that is caused by tiny organisms called dermatophytes. When they occur, they affect the dead and outer layer of the cat’s skin, its claws and its hair.
When it occurs, observe your cat carefully. If your cat exhibits round patches of loss of hair around its head and limbs even though it can occur in other parts of the body, it is most likely a ringworm infection. Other symptoms like baldness, severe itching without redness of the area, dry and flaky skin all points to ringworm infection.
It can be treated by using medications. Consult your veterinarian on the best brands to use.